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Preventative care saves money & improves comfort and health of your pet fish in Phoenix.
Illness in fish is often due to water quality, infections, parasites, or environmental factors. Fish that are sick may have redness or changes in color of skin or fins, stop eating, or separate from other fish. Transport fish in a bucket or ice chest. Bring a water sample for lab testing.
Just like other pets, including physical exam, microscopic cytology (skin, fin, gill biopsy), blood testing, medications, x-rays, ultrasounds, anesthesia, surgery, endoscopy, tank/pond evaluation, fish medications (antibiotics, antiparasitics, pain management).
Early Care is most successful
Fish euthanasia must be humane with an anesthetic overdose (Tricaine Methanesulfate, Sodium Pentobarbitol).
Check each fish daily for normal activity
Water change monthly (less than 50%)
Treat new water properly based on source
Algae removal and prevention
Water testing weekly (every 2 weeks if stable)
Filter for waste particles and chemicals (exterior canister best with an under-gravel too)
Oxygen-air pump or active surface water flow
Reduce algae growth with tank placement, temperature control, R/O water
Similar to tank care & setup
Use "drink-safe" lead-free hose
1-3 times daily, only amount eaten within 1-2 minutes
Consider feeding timer for regular portion control
Similar water requirements (pH, temperature)
Social group (community vs. aggressive)
Don't overcrowd (1-3 gallons per inch of fish)
Saltwater fish need more space to prevent fighting
Group several of the same species (unless solitary)